Electrical engineering is one of the newest technological branches and dates back to the late 19th century. It is the engineering division that deals with electricity technology. Electrical engineers work on a wide variety of components, devices, and systems, ranging from small microchips to large generators of power stations.
Electrical engineers design, develop, test, and oversee electrical equipment manufacturing, including electrical motors, radar and navigation systems, communications systems, and power generation equipment, the U.S. states Bureau of Labor Statistics. Electronics engineers design and build electronic devices ranging from portable music players to global positioning systems (GPS), such as broadcasting and communication systems. If it is a realistic, real-world device that produces, conducts, or uses electricity, it was designed by an electrical engineer in all likelihood. Besides, engineers may conduct or write the specifications for the performance, reliability, and long-term durability of devices and components for destructive or non-destructive testing.
Common components designed by Electrical Engineers
Electrical engineers today design electrical devices and systems that use common components such as conductors, coils, magnets, batteries, switches, resistors, condensers, inductors, diodes, and transistors. These few basic components are used by nearly all electrical and electronic devices, from the generators at an electrical power plant to the microprocessors in your phone. Critical skills required in electrical engineering include a thorough understanding of electrical and electronic theory, maths, and materials. This system helps engineers to design circuits to perform specific functions and meet safety, reliability, and energy efficiency requirements, and to predict how they will behave before implementing a hardware design. However, often circuits are designed on “breadboards,” or prototype circuit boards made on computer-controlled numeric (CNC) machines to be tested before they are placed into production.
Electrical engineers are typically interested in large-scale electrical systems such as motor control and power transmission, as well as in the use of electricity for energy transmission. Electrical engineers can work on a variety of technologies, including the design of household appliances, building lighting and cabling, telecommunication systems, electrical power stations, and satellite communications. Microelectronics-the design and production of electrical systems and circuits in computers and mobile devices-is another new area for electrical engineers.
An electrical engineer is a person who applies electricity, electromagnetism, and electronics physics and mathematics to design and build new electrical equipment and systems, problem-solving, and testing equipment. The rise of the industrial era is indicated by the introduction of electricity into homes, and, industries all made possible by electrical engineers.