One of the most critical steps to take when building a home is wiring it for electricity. There are many factors to consider. Here we will try to cover some basics so you can be prepared before tackling the task yourself. Electrical installation is not an easy job and should always be done by a professional electrician or someone with experience in these matters. Here is some helpful information about the electrical installation that everyone needs to know: proper grounding, types of wires and their purposes, how voltage affects different items in your home, and more!
#1. How Exactly Does The Power Function?
To understand the electrical installation operation first you need to know where the power comes from.
The electric company sends its clean and safe electricity through distribution lines that pass close-by meter readers to count down each customer’s usage for billing purposes. The customer’s connection point is at their outlet on this same circuit near your home or business. So if anything goes wrong with these cords – like someone cutting them open while trying to steal copper wire inside – then everything else connected should still work just fine.
The key to a safe and efficient electrical installation is safety itself. The security of the workers, the property surrounding your home or business, and yourself should always be considered first.
#2. The meter
Energy meters are a device that measures the amount of electric energy consumed by a residence, business or powered devices. The electric meter’s primary function is to determine how much power was used at any given time and placed over an interval for it to be billed appropriately with bills sent out every month. It is usually sent through monthly invoices from utilities who provide services based on consumption levels measured via this item, such as electricity rates which vary depending upon location, etc.
This device is a small box that connects to your home’s primary source of power, which comes from the electric company. It’s located on or near an outside wall so you can read it whenever needed and check how much electricity was used each month!
Main breaker panel
A circuit breaker panel is the main distribution point for all your home’s electrical circuits. It may be located in a garage, utility room, or basement. Still, it can also sit on top of an accessible cabinet where you’ll find labeled breakers that will protect any work being done around this sensitive equipment if sparks are flying between; tools with different electricians working simultaneously!
The electricity goes through the meter and onto an electric main breaker. The size of this panel will determine how much power can be delivered throughout your house, which in turn decides what’s safe for you to plug into during each day-to-day use period without overloads or fires from too many appliances turned on at once! There are smaller breakers below that cut off individual room supplies if needed; find where they’re plugged into (usually under their rug) before cutting off whole areas with these switches by flipping them upside down ‘like’ handles when not needed anymore. However, you’ll need to be vigilant about what’s plugged into where, especially with heat-producing appliances. So it pays to know these items cause they are highly dangerous should things go wrong. So always check first before screwing anything in – even the light switch plates, if fully exposing metal should something short out anytime soon.
#3. Circuit Wiring
Circuit wiring is a system for distributing electricity in homes and offices. It includes cables, switches, distribution boards, etc., all installed together with light fittings so you can enjoy them too!
The three wires that make up a household power panel are insulated with different colors. The black wire carries the power from one outlet to another, while red or yellow covers protect it from outside influences such as rainstorms and snowfall.
An additional green grounding bar will connect directly to your meter at home. This ensures safe delivery of electricity throughout our country’s electrical grid system without any short-circuits occurring in between distribution stations along each route where they’re being carried away! If these inner casings have become too hot because you’ve installed thicker gauge cables, then don’t worry. Extra insulation is always available so what may look like an overload isn’t necessarily anything serious unless there was some significant breakage somewhere along the line. This means you need to turn it all off (and call the electric company) before getting down there and inspecting each cable/connection carefully with a multimeter or using their equipment for diagnosis.
#4. Breakers & Fuses
A circuit breaker is an electrical switch designed to protect a power source from damage caused by overcurrent or overload. It can be thought of as sort-of like jumper cables for your electricity, only instead it will cut off the flow after protective relays detect any faults in order to prevent further harm!
A fuse is an essential device for preventing electric shocks. It can open only when there’s been too much current flow, and it does not require maintenance or accidental trips like other types of circuit breakers do- in fact, you will want this type repaired every few years!
The initial cost may be higher than some options. Still, if safety precautions are taken into account, these can become less expensive over time since they don’t need any extra features added on top of either way of protection.
#5. Understand GFCI
A typical service call for electricians is to troubleshoot a bathroom circuit. By code, all outlets within 6 feet of any water source must be protected by ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI). These are essential safety devices that cut off power if there’s an issue with your home’s wiring system and will do so before anything gets too far out-of-hand – which helps prevent accidents! So remember, one GFCI device can protect everything else downstream from its location as well.
GFCI outlets can be either the current-sensing variety with a test and reset button, or they’re all automatic. They will switch off if their internal components detect any differences in supply and demand. Both will sense when you’ve lost your balance at bath time into that standing water thanks to our fittings – then shut it down instantly to prevent any electrical shocks from occurring
#6. Understanding Voltage
Voltage is the power used to cause electrons to flow through our homes’ wiring system for various devices, appliances, gadgets, etc. It’s measured in volts- which are then converted into amps or groups of amps before being added up with wattage (volts x amps = watts) to ultimately determine the amount of energy that’s going into each outlet on a circuit.
If you switch on a fan or an air conditioner, then it uses up power from your home as long as it’s plugged in and connected. So does charging your cell phone battery – make sure devices are not left plugged in when they’re not needed to avoid wasting energy and potentially harming your system’s wiring (especially if it’s older) over time.
If you want the safest appliances around, make sure to check out ETL listings for safety compliance certification on all of your electrical items before using them. Be aware that some countries use different adapters with their outlets, so keep that in mind if you’re traveling to other places.
#7. Understanding The Wire
Identifying the most common types of wire and cable will help investigate wiring problems, but it is also handy for choosing new installation or remodeling projects.
You can have an excellent installation with the proper wire size. Wire sizes indicate how much current an electrical wire can carry. They are based on the American Wire Gauge (AWG) system, which determines its capacity for carrying electricity or ampere in milliamps per year(mah). The right AWG number will depend on what you want it used as; if, say, there was plumbing running across one side but not another, then two different sets of wires would need to be installed according to this scheme.
A system of color coding is used to identify the wiring scheme for bundled cables and individual conductors within those bundles. Understanding this method can help you maintain consistency in an electrical installation and choose what type of equipment best suits your needs based on their size or amperage rating!
Electrical wires and cables have markings stamped or printed on their insulation to provide important wiring information. These include size, material type (e.g., PVC), number of conductors in a given length, any rated voltage/frequency they can handle without imminent danger from overheating, etcetera. Understanding what each color means can also help you ensure that it will work with whatever project this material is fulfilling needs. This leads us to read more about different colors, so we know exactly how much tension they’re rated at!
Daven Electric Corp., is a licensed, insured, and experienced electrical contractor specializing in custom design and installation. We offer competitive pricing for residential or commercial work. Our electricians are always available to answer any questions you may have about our services and help with your project from start to finish. Contact us today so we can get started on what’s next!