New York City, also known as New York State or NYC, is the United States' most populous city. New York City, with a population of 8,804,190 spread over 300.46 sq. miles (778.2km2), is the largest major city. The city, which is located at the southern tip of New York State, is the heart of the New York Metropolitan Area, the largest urban area in the United States. New York is one the most populous megacities in the world, with 20.1 million residents in its metropolitan statistical areas and 23.5 millions in its combined statistical area. New York City is known as the cultural and financial capital of the globe. It has a significant influence on commerce, entertainment and technology. New York, home to the United Nations headquarters, is an important centre for international diplomacy and is sometimes called the capital city of the world.
History Of New York
The Lenape, an Algonquin tribe that hunted, fished, and farmed the Hudson River region between the Delaware river and Hudson rivers, were the first native New Yorkers. The region was first explored by Europeans in the 16th century. Giovanni da Verrazzano, an Italian sailor who traveled up and down the Atlantic coast to find a route to Asia, was one of the first Europeans to visit it. However, no settlements were made until 1624. The Dutch West India Company sent 30 families to New Amsterdam that year. It was a small settlement on Nutten Island (today's Governors Island).
Peter Minuit, the governor general of the settlement, bought Manhattan Island, which was much larger, from the Natives in 1626 for 60 guilders. He traded goods like tools, farm equipment, cloth, and wampum (shell bead) for trade goods. New Amsterdam was home to less than 300 people when the settlement moved to Manhattan. It grew rapidly and, in 1760, New York City (now New York City; 18,000 people) became the second-largest American colony. It became the largest city in Western hemisphere with a population of 202,589 fifty years later. The five boroughs are home to more than 8,000,000 people today.
The British took New Amsterdam from the Dutch in 1664 and gave it the new name of New York City. The population of New York City grew over the next century. It was made up of immigrants from England, France, Germany, and the Netherlands; indentured servants; as well as African slaves.
The city was a hub of anti-British activity in the 1760s and the 1770s. New Yorkers protested the passing of the Stamp Act by the British Parliament in 1765 and set fire to the royal governor. The British attempted to seize the city almost as soon after the Revolutionary War started. New York City was captured by the British in August 1776, despite George Washington's Continental Army at Harlem Heights and Brooklyn. It was a British military base from 1783 to 1784.
New York City was established in the early 20th century. New York City was founded in 20th century by Queens, Staten Island, Brooklyn, and Bronx residents.
New York City was the victim of the worst terrorist attack in American history on September 11, 2001 when two hijacked planes crashed into its tallest buildings, the Twin Towers of World Trade Center. Nearly 3,000 people died when the buildings collapsed. The city was a major financial center and tourist attraction, drawing more than 40 million visitors each year.
Brooklyn Museum is an art gallery located in Brooklyn, New York City. The museum covers 560,000 square feet (52,000m2) and houses an art collection of approximately 1.5 million works.
The Beaux-Arts building, which McKim, Mead, and White designed, is located in Brooklyn's Prospect Heights, Flatbush, Flatbush, and Park Slope areas. It was established in 1895 and was the first major art museum in the world. The museum struggled initially to maintain its collection and building, but major renovations helped it to become a modern institution in the latter half of the 20th century. Antiquities are a significant part of the collection, with a collection of Egyptian antiquities that spans over 3,000 years. Notable antiquities collections also include Asian, Oceanic, European and Japanese art. American art is well represented starting with the Colonial period. The collection includes artists such as Edward Hopper and Norman Rockwell, Winslow Homer, Winslow Homer (Edgar Degas), Georgia O'Keeffe and Max Weber. A "Memorial Sculpture Garden '', which contains reclaimed architectural elements from New York City, is also available at the museum.
The Brooklyn Museum displays collections that reflect the cultural heritage of other cultures. The museum is known for its extensive collection of Egyptian and African art. It also has a variety of 17th, 18th, 19th, and 20th century paintings, sculptures, and decorative arts from a wide variety of schools.
The museum was presented with Judy Chicago's work, The Dinner Party, in 2002 by The Elizabeth A. Sackler Foundation. The permanent exhibition was established in 2007 as a centerpiece of the Elizabeth A. Sackler Center to Feminist Art. The Brooklyn Museum presented Manifest Destiny in 2004. It was an 8-by-24-foot (8 m x 7.3 m), oil-on-wood mural created by Alexis Rockman. This mural was commissioned by the museum to be the centerpiece of the second-floor Mezzanine Gallery. It also marked the opening of the renovated Grand Lobby and plaza. The works of many contemporary artists have been featured in other exhibitions, including Patrick Kelly's, Chuck Close's, Denis Peterson, Takashi Murakami and Mat Benote. Kiki Smith, Jim Dine and Robert Rauschenberg. Sylvia Sleigh, Sylvia Sleigh, Sylvia Sleigh, and Ching Ho Cheng.
In 2008, curator Edna Russman announced that she believes 10 out of 30 works of Coptic art held in the museum's collection--second-largest in North America are fake. They were first displayed in 2009.
Since the dawn of the 20th century, the Brooklyn Museum has been collecting Egyptian artifacts. This includes both the collections of Charles Edwin Wilbour (American Egyptologist), whose heirs donated his library to the museum's Wilbour Library of Egyptology. It also includes objects found during museum-sponsored archeological excavations. The Egyptian collection includes everything from statues, like the famous "Bird Lady", terracotta figure, and papyrus documents (among other things the Brooklyn Papyrus).
In the museum's galleries, you will find the Egyptian, Classical and Ancient Near Eastern collections. You can find Egyptian artifacts in Egypt Reborn: Art for Eternity as well as the Martha A. Rubin and Robert S. Rubin Galleries. The Hagop Kevorkian gallery houses Near Eastern artifacts.
The Brooklyn Museum is a must-visit destination in NYC. It's one of the top 10 free museums in the country, and it houses an impressive collection from Egyptian to American art. Click here for more information on hours, tickets, and exhibits at the museum.